ISSN 2094-2818

Editors: Eduardo A. Padlan and
Gisela P. Padilla-Concepcion
VOLUME 7 NUMBER 1 (January to June 2014)

Phil. Sci. Lett. 2014 7 (1) 22-36
available online: February 9, 2014

*Corresponding author
Email Address:
Received: October 3, 2013
Revised: December 24, 2013
Accepted: December 27, 2013
Published: February 5, 2014
Editor-in-charge: Gisela P. Padilla-Concepcion
Reviewers: Estella Weiss-Krejci and Eusebio Dizon

Keywords: archaeology, Palawan Island, zooarchaeology, archaeobotany, biogeography, Southeast Asia

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The archaeology and palaeobiological record of Pasimbahan-Magsanib Site, northern Palawan, Philippines

by Janine Ochoa1*, Victor Paz2, Helen Lewis3, Jane Carlos2, Emil Robles2, Noel Amano2, Maria Rebecca Ferreras2, Myra Lara2, Benjamin Vallejo, Jr.5, Gretchen Velarde2, Sarah Agatha Villaluz2, Wilfredo Ronquillo4, and Wilhelm Solheim II2

1Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines
2Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines
3School of Archaeology, University College Dublin
4Archaeology Division, National Museum of the Philippines
5Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology, University of the Philippines

Recent excavations in northern Palawan, Philippines provide zooarchaeological and macrobotanical evidence documenting human occupation and changes in faunal composition and subsistence strategies. Here we present the archaeobiological record of Pasimbahan-Magsanib site dating from c. 10,500 yr. BP to the subrecent. The terrestrial vertebrate record provides for a more robust Palawan biostratigraphy and chronicles Late Quaternary changes in mammalian composition and human responses to the changing abundance of large mammal communities. Well-stratified shell layers and middens contain a wide variety of taxa derived from freshwater, estuarine and marine environments that also provide insights on varying subsistence strategies and the local ecology. Macrobotanical evidence provides further evidence for both foraging and possible plant management strategies in the Holocene.