ISSN 2094-2818

Editors: Eduardo A. Padlan and
Gisela P. Padilla-Concepcion
VOLUME 7 NUMBER 2 (July to December 2014)

Phil. Sci. Lett. 2014 7 (2) 293-299
available online: August 15, 2014

*Corresponding author
Email Address:
Received: May 9, 2014
Revised: June 18, 2014
Accepted: June 18, 2014
Published: August 15, 2014
Editor-in-charge: Eduardo A. Padlan

Keywords: climate change, sea surface warming, bleaching resistance, mycosporine-like amino acids, Montipora digitata

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Biochemical comparison of bleaching and non-bleaching Montipora digitata (Order Scleractinia) in the Philippines

by Helen T. Yap1*, Dang Marviluz L. Espita1, Marco Nemesio E. Montaño1, Caryl S. Benjamin1, and Edgardo D. Gomez1

1The Marine Science Institute, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines

Populations of bleaching (B) and non-bleaching (NB) Montipora digitata (Dana, 1846, Order Scleractinia) inhabit similar zones, with similar temperature ranges, in the reef of Bolinao in the northwestern Philippines. Colonies of the former (B) have been observed to bleach during periods of elevated sea surface tem- peratures and calm waters, and have declined in abundance over recent years. Biochemical analyses revealed significantly higher amounts of chlorophyll-a in the NB colonies compared to the B. The kinds and quantities of mycosporine-like amino acids were not significantly different between the two, except for palythine which was higher in the NB corals, and palythene which was more abundant in the B. The greater quantities of chlorophyll-a in the tissue of NB corals indicate higher abundances of symbi- otic zooxanthellae, and the likely importance of building up nu- tritional reserves in order to overcome environmental stress. An additional consideration concerns the possible role of palythine in bleaching resistance.