Philippine Science Letters
vol. 6 | no. 2 | 2013
published online November 22, 2013


Species identification of “padas” from fermented fish paste or “bagoong” using DNA barcodes

by Altair B. Agmata, Angelli Marie Jacynth M. Asis, and Mudjekeewis D. Santos*

Genetic Fingerprinting Laboratory, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 101 Mother Ignacia St., Quezon City, 1103 Philippines



In the Philippines, juvenile/fry fisheries have always been an important industry. But, despite the benefits these fisheries can provide, they suffer from lack of proper management. The “padas” is one of the highly sought after siganid fry resource, especially in Northern Luzon. However, the establishment of the true identity of "padas" has not been done and, consequently, the possibility of appropriate management action has been limited. Here, where we used DNA barcoding, we report that “padas” from a fermented fish paste “Cristal Sky Bagoong” bought from Pozorrubio, Pangasinan is composed of at least two species of Siganus, namely S. fuscescens and S. spinus. This information is crucial in raising awareness of which specific resources should be targeted by the fisheries industry and it provides an initiative towards evoking proper management efforts for the sustainability of juvenile fisheries. We also demonstrate that DNA barcoding is a powerful tool in identifying fish species even in fermented form.

* Corresponding author
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Submitted: April 18, 2013
Revised: August 20, 2013
Accepted: August 21, 2013
Published: November 22, 2013
Editor-in-charge: Eduardo A. Padlan